On this page, we publish current recommendations for the population in connection with the spread of coronavirus infection (COVID-19).
Follow the information about coronavirus in Russia in real time on the official website стопкоронавирус.рф.
What are coronaviruses?
Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that primarily affect animals, but in some cases can be transmitted to humans. Usually, diseases caused by coronaviruses occur in a mild form, without causing severe symptoms.
How is it passed?
Like other respiratory viruses, coronavirus is spread through droplets that are formed when an infected person coughs or sneezes.
It can also spread when an infected person touches any contaminated surface, such as a door handle . People become infected when they touch their mouth, nose, or eyes with contaminated hands.
The symptoms of coronavirus
In the vast majority of cases, these symptoms are not associated with the coronavirus, but with ordinary ARVI.
Symptoms may occur within 14 days after contact with an infectious patient. Symptoms are similar to many respiratory diseases, often mimic a common cold, and may resemble the flu.
Do you have similar symptoms?
If you have similar symptoms, consider the following:
If the answer to this question is positive, the symptoms should be treated as carefully as possible: you need to immediately contact a doctor to confirm the diagnosis and get the necessary medical care. It is better to refrain from visiting a medical facility and call a doctor at home at the phone number listed on your clinic's website or at 112 or 103. Do not self-medicate in any case is not worth it.
7 steps to prevent coronavirus infection
Frequently asked question
How is the disease diagnosed?
Collection and evaluation of complaints, past medical history, epidemiological anamnesis, medical examination.
Further – by doctor 's prescription:
The materials for medical examination are:
Where can I get tested for coronavirus?
Independent tests for coronavirus are not provided. The COVID–19 test is prescribed by medical professionals in the following cases:
Sample acquisition for analysis is performed by a medical professional. The study of samples is carried out In the center of hygiene and epidemiology in the Russian Federation.
Private medical organizations do not provide medical examination for COVID-19.
Is it possible to cure the new coronavirus?
Yes, sure. There is no specific anti-viral medication for the new coronavirus yet – just as there is no specific treatment for most other respiratory viruses that cause colds.
Viral pneumonia, the main and most dangerous complication of a coronavirus infection, cannot be treated with antibiotics. In the case of pneumonia, treatment is aimed at maintaining lung function.
Russia is developing vaccines against a new virus:
Currently, the Federal state scientific center "Vector", located in the Novosibirsk region, is developing vaccines against a new coronavirus infection in five directions and 13 variants.
Who is at risk?
People of all ages can get infected with the virus. However, as with most other viral respiratory diseases, people over the age of 65, people with weakened immune systems, and people with chronic diseases are at risk of severe disease.
What is the difference between a coronavirus and a flu virus?
A coronavirus and a flu virus may have similar symptoms, but they are completely different genetically.
Flu viruses multiply very quickly – symptoms appear two to three days after infection, and the coronavirus takes up to 14 days.
What are the features of quarantine?
All citizens who have arrived in the Russian Federation from countries with poor epidemiologic situation must be isolated at their place of stay for a period of 14 days.
All arrivals are subject to medical supervision. The number of doctor's visits is determined individually in each case during the entire quarantine period. If symptoms of SARS appear, a person should immediately seek medical help without visiting medical organizations.
Medical care for all patients and persons with suspected COVID-19 is provided free of charge. Current legislation does not provide for compensation for the difference between the payment of sick leave and the actual salary, if the person was in quarantine.
Can relatives of a person with coronavirus visit him in the hospital?
No. During the isolation period, visiting the patient is prohibited in order to prevent the spread of infection. Patients who are in hospital can use a mobile phone and other means of communication to communicate with relatives.
Relatives can transfer food and personal items to patients , but there are a number of restrictions that need to be clarified with the hospital 's enquiry service.
Can I get coronavirus via my mobile phone?
A particularly important role can be played by the mobile phone as a carrier of influenza pathogens, other viral respiratory infections and, in particular, coronavirus infection COVID-19.
How to avoid infection?
First: strictly observe hand hygiene – after visiting public places and toilets, always wash your hands thoroughly for 20 seconds, then dry them with a disposable paper towel. It is highly advisable to carry antiseptic wipes or liquid products (gels, sprays , etc. ). This way you can always keep your hands clean even if you can't wash them.
Second: regularly treat the phone itself with antiseptic agents , especially where the case of the gadget comes into contact with the face. If there is a cover-then it must be removed and processed separately during processing (and it is better to do without it at all).
To fight influenza and SARS viruses (and coronaviruses), it is best to use napkins and alcohol -based gels. The popular antiseptic chlorhexidine is more designed to protect against bacteria, but in extreme cases , you can use it.
Any employee can refuse a business trip if the stichtings for such refusal are provided for in the Labor code or employment contract.
The following groups of employees may not be sent on business trips:
Cannot be sent on a business trip without sanction:
How can I complain about the lack of masks in pharmacies?
If you have questions about the lack of medical masks and antiviral drugs in pharmacies, call the free hotline of Roszdravnadzor 8 (800) 550-99-03.
Myths and misconceptions
Are antibiotics an effective means of preventing and treating a new coronavirus infection?
No, antibiotics do not work against viruses. They only allow you to treat bacterial infections. A new coronavirus is a virus, and therefore antibiotics should not be used to prevent and treat a coronavirus infection. However, patients hospitalized with an infection may be prescribed antibiotics to treat concomitant bacterial infections.
Can regular nasal rinsing with saline solution protect against coronavirus infection?
No. There is no scientific evidence that regular rinsing of the nose with saline solution can protect against a new coronavirus infection. According to some reports , regular rinsing of the nose with saline solution can speed up recovery for a common cold. However, there is no evidence of the effectiveness of regular nasal flushing as a means of preventing respiratory infections.
Is it true that only the elderly can become infected with the new coronavirus , or are young people also susceptible to this infection?
All age groups can become infected with the new coronavirus (COVID-19). Older people and people with certain diseases ( for example, asthma, diabetes, heart disease) appear to be at an increased risk of developing severe forms of coronavirus infection. Who recommends that people of all ages take measures to protect themselves from infection, such as hand hygiene and cough hygiene.
Is it possible to be infected with the coronavirus from domestic animals?
Today, there are seven known types of coronaviruses that cause acute respiratory diseases of humans . Among these viruses is the new COVID-19. According to modern data, the source of coronavirus infection caused by these types of viruses, animals – cats, dogs, hamsters and others – can not be. According to current data from the world health organization , no cases of infection of cats and dogs with the new coronavirus have been recorded, as well as the facts of the spread of COVID-19 by pets.